Dr. Paul Clarke 

 Publications

A list of key research publications is presented below, followed by details of recent international standards publications and invited public presentations.  

    2017
  • Marks, G., O'Connor, R.V., Clarke, P.: The impact of situational context on the software development process - A case study of a highly innovative start-up organization. In: Proceedings of the 17th International SPICE Conference (SPICE 2017), pp.455-466; 4-5 October 2017, Palma de Mallorca, Spain. (PDF)

  • Olgun, S., Yilmaz, M., Clarke, P., O'Connor, R.V.: A systematic investigation into the use of game elements in the context of software business landscapes: A Systematic Literature Review. In: Proceedings of the 17th International SPICE Conference (SPICE 2017), pp.384-398, 4-5 October 2017, Palma de Mallorca, Spain. (PDF)

  • Rashid, M., Clarke, P., O'Connor, R.V.: Exploring Knowledge Loss in Open Source Software (OSS) Projects. In: Proceedings of the 17th International SPICE Conference (SPICE 2017), pp.481-495, 4-5 October 2017, Palma de Mallorca, Spain. (PDF)

  • Clarke, P., O'Connor, R.V., Solan, D., Elger, P., Yilmaz, M., Ennis, A., Gerrity, M., McGrath, S., Treanor, R.: Exploring Software Process Variation Arising from Differences in Situational Context. In: Proceedings of the 24th European and Asian Conference on Systems, Software and Services Process Improvement (EuroSPI 2017), pp.29-42, 5-8 September 2017, Ostrava, Czech Republic. (PDF)

  • Nazligul, M.D., Yilmaz, M., Gulec, U., Gozcu, M.A., O'Connor, R.V., Clarke, P.: Overcoming Public Speaking Anxiety of Software Engineers using Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy. In: Proceedings of the 24th European and Asian Conference on Systems, Software and Services Process Improvement (EuroSPI 2017), pp.191-202, 5-8 September 2017, Ostrava, Czech Republic. (PDF)

  • Sauberer, G., Najera Villar, B., Dreszler, J.R., Schmitz, K.D., Clarke, P., O'Connor, R.V.: Do we speak the same language? Terminology strategies for engineering environments based on the elcat model. In: Proceedings of International Workshop 8 (Team Skills and Diversity Strategies), 24th European and Asian Conference on Systems, Software and Services Process Improvement (EuroSPI 2017), pp. 653-666, 5-8 September 2017, Ostrava, Czech Republic. (PDF)

  • O'Connor, R.V., Elger, P., Clarke, P.: Continuous Software Engineering - A Microservices Architecture Perspective. Journal of Software: Evolution and Process, 29(11), 2017, pp.1-12. (available online). (PDF)

  • Aydan, U., Yilmaz, M., Clarke, P., O'Connor, R.V.: Teaching ISO/IEC 12207 software lifecycle processes: A serious game approach. Computer Standards and Interfaces journal, 54(3), pp. 129-138. (PDF)

  • Yilmaz, M., O'Connor, R.V., Colomo-Palacios, R., Clarke, P.: An examination of personality traits and how they impact on software development teams. Information and Software Technology journal, Volume 86, June 2017, pp. 101-122 (available online). (PDF)

  • Kosa, M., Yilmaz, M., O'Connor, R.V., Clarke, P.: Software Engineering Education and Games: A Systematic Literature Review. In: Journal of Universal Computer Science, 22(11), pp.1558-1574 (available online). (PDF)

  • 2016
  • Clarke, P., O'Connor, R.V., Leavy, B.: A Complexity Theory viewpoint on the Software Development Process and Situational Context. In: proceedings of the International Conference on Software and Systems Process (ICSSP), Co-Located with the International Conference on Software Engineering (ICSE), pp. 86-90, DOI:10.1145/2904354.2904369 (2016) (PDF)

  • O'Connor, R.V., Elger, P., Clarke, P.: Exploring the impact of situational context: A case study of a software development process for a microservices architecture. In: proceedings of the International Conference on Software and Systems Process (ICSSP), Co-Located with the International Conference on Software Engineering (ICSE), pp. 6-10, DOI:10.1145/2904354.2904368 (2016) (PDF)

  • Clarke, P., Elger, P., O'Connor, R.V.: Technology-Enabled Continuous Software Development. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Software Engineering (ICSE) Workshop on Continuous Software Evolution and Delivery (CSED) (2016)

  • Yilmaz, M., O'Connor, R.V., Clarke, P.: Effective Social Productivity Measurements during Software Development: An Empirical Study. International Journal of Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering (IJSEKE), 26(3), pp.457-490, DOI: 10.1142/S0218194016500194 (2016) (PDF)

  • Clarke, P., Mesquida Calafat, A.L., Ekert, D., Ekstrom, J.J., Gornostaja, T., Jovanovic, M., Johansen, J., Mas, A., Messnarz, R., Najera Villar, B., O'Connor, A., O'Connor, R.V., Reiner, M., Sauberer, G., Schmitz, K.D., Yilmaz, M.: Refactoring Software Development Process Terminology through the use of Ontology. In: Proceedings of the 23rd European and Asian Conference on Systems, Software and Services Process Improvement (EuroSPI 2016), 13-16 September 2016, Graz, Austria.

  • Nevalainen, R., Clarke, P., McCaffery, F., O'Connor, R.V., Varkoi, T.: Situational Factors in Safety Critical Software Development. In: Proceedings of the 23rd European and Asian Conference on Systems, Software and Services Process Improvement (EuroSPI 2016), 13-16 September 2016, Graz, Austria.

  • Lepmets, M., McCaffery, F., Clarke, P.: Development and benefits of MDevSPICE, the medical device software process assessment framework. In: Journal of Software: Evolution and Process, 28(9), pp800-816. DOI: 10.1002/smr.1781 (2016) (PDF)

  • Yilmaz, M., Atasoy, B., O'Connor, R.V., Martens, J.B., Clarke, P.: Software Developer's Journey - A Story-Driven Approach to Support Software Practitioners' Development Experience. In: Proceedings of the 23rd European and Asian Conference on Systems, Software and Services Process Improvement (EuroSPI 2016) Software Development Gamification Workshop, 13-16 September 2016, Graz, Austria.

  • Clarke, P., Mesquida Calafat, A.L., Ekert, D., Ekstrom, J.J., Gornostaja, T., Jovanovic, M., Johansen, J., Mas, A., Messnarz, R., Najera Villar, B., O'Connor, A., O'Connor, R.V., Reiner, M., Sauberer, G., Schmitz, K.D., Yilmaz, M.: An Investigation of Software Development Process Terminology. In: Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Software Process Improvement and Capability dEtermination, pp. 351-361 (SPICE 2016) (PDF)

  • Yilmaz, M., Yilmaz, M., O'Connor, R.V., Clarke, P.: A Gamification Approach to Improve the Software Development Process by Exploring the Personality of Software Practitioners. In: Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Software Process Improvement and Capability dEtermination (SPICE 2016) (PDF)

  • 2015
  • Clarke, P., O'Connor, R.V., Leavy, B., Yilmaz, M.: Exploring the Relationship between Software Process Adaptive Capability and Organisational Performance. IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, 41(12), pp.1169-1183, doi: 10.1109/TSE.2015.2467388 (2015) (PDF)

  • Lepmets, M., Clarke, P., McCaffery, F., Finnegan, A., Dorling, A.: Development of MDevSPICE - the Medical Device Software Process Assessment Framework. Journal of Software: Evolution and Process. Vol. 27(8), pp. 565-572, August 2015. DOI: 10.1002/smr.1731. (PDF)

  • O'Leary, P., Carroll, N., Clarke, P., Richardson, I.: Untangling the Complexity of Connected Health Evaluations. In: Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Healthcare Informatics (ICHI) pp.272-281, 21-23 October, Dallas Tx. (2015) (PDF)

  • Clarke, P., O'Connor, R.V.: Changing situational contexts present a constant challenge to software developers. In: Proceedings of the 22nd European and Asian Conference on Systems, Software and Services Process Improvement (EuroSPI 2015), CCIS (Vol. 543), pp. 100-111, 30 September - 02 October 2015, Ankara, Turkey. (2015) (PDF)

  • McCaffery, F., Lepmets, M., Clarke, P.: Medical device software as a subsystem of an overall medical device: The MDevSPICE experience. In: Proceedings of the First International Conference on Fundamentals and Advances in Software Systems Integration, 23-28 August 2015, Venice, Italy (2015) Received Best Research Paper Award (PDF)

  • O'Connor, R.V., Clarke, P.: Software Process Reflexivity and Business Performance: Initial results from an empirical study. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Software and Systems Process 2015 (ICSSP 2015), pp. 142-146, ACM SIG on Software Engineering. Tallinn, Estonia, August 24-26, 2015. (PDF)

  • Lepmets, M., McCaffery, F., Clarke, P.: Piloting MDevSPICE - the Medical Device Software Process Assessment Framework. In: proceedings of the International Conference on Software and Systems Process 2015 (ICSSP 2015). pp. 9-16, ACM SIG on Software Engineering. Tallinn, Estonia, August 24-26, 2015. (PDF)

  • Clarke, P., Lepmets, M., Dorling, A., McCaffery: Safety Critical Software Process Assessment: How MDevSPICE Addresses the Challenge of Integrating Compliance and Capability. In: proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Software Process Improvement and Capability dEtermination (SPICE 2015). CCIS 526/2015. pp.13-18. Berlin, Germany: Springer. June 2015. (PDF)

  • Yilmaz, M., O'Connor, R., Clarke, P.: Software Development Roles: A Multi-Project Empirical Investigation. ACM SIGSOFT Software Engineering Notes, Vol. 40(1), pp. 1-5, January 2015. (PDF)

  • 2014
  • Clarke, P., Lepmets, M., McCaffery, F., Finnegan, A., Dorling, A., Flood, D.: MDevSPICE - A Comprehensive Solution for Manufacturers and Assessors of Safety-Critical Medical Device Software. In: proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Software Process Improvement and Capability dEtermination (SPICE 2014). CCIS 447/2014. pp.274-278. Heidelberg, Germany: Springer-Verlag. November 2014. (PDF)

  • McCaffery, F., Clarke, P., Lepmets, M.: A Lightweight Assessment Method for Medical Device Software Processes. In: proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Software Process Improvement and Capability dEtermination (SPICE 2014). CCIS 447/2014. pp.144-156. Heidelberg, Germany: Springer-Verlag. November 2014. (PDF)

  • McCaffery, F., Clarke, P., Lepmets, M.: Bringing Medical Device Software Development Standards into a single model - MDevSPICE. Irish Medicines Board Medical Devices Newsletter Vol 1(41), pp.2-3. December 2014. (Link)

  • Yilmaz, M., O'Connor, R.V., Clarke, P.: An exploration of individual personality types in software development. In: proceedings of the 21st European Conference on Systems, Software and Services Process Improvement (EuroSPI 2014), 25-27 June 2014, Luxembourg. (2014)(PDF)

  • Lepmets, M., Clarke, P., McCaffery, F., Finnegan, A., Dorling, A.: Development of a Process Assessment Model for Medical Device Software Development. In: Industrial proceedings of the 21st European Conference on Systems, Software and Services Process Improvement (EuroSPI 2014), 25-27 June, Luxembourg. (2014) (PDF)

  • Clarke, P., Lepmets, M., McCaffery, F., Finnegan, A., Dorling, A., Eagles, S.: Characteristics of a Medical Device Software Development Framework. In: Industrial proceedings of the 21st European Conference on Systems, Software and Services Process Improvement (EuroSPI 2014), 25-27 June, Luxembourg. (2014) (PDF)

  • Lepmets, M., Clarke, P., McCaffery, F., Finnegan, A.: Medical device software development - towards a single best practice framework. In: The Engineers Journal, January 2014. (Link)

  • 2013
  • Jeners, S., O'Connor, R.V., Clarke, P., Lichter, H., Lepmets, M., Buglione, L.: Harnessing Software Development Contexts to inform Software Process Selection Decisions. Software Quality Professional, Vol 16(1), 2013. (Link)

  • Jeners, S., Clarke, P., O'Connor, R.V., Buglione, L., Lepmets, M.: Harmonizing Software Development Processes with Software Development Settings - A Systematic Approach. In: Proceedings of the 20th European Conference on Systems, Software and Services Process Improvement (EuroSPI 2013). CCIS 364/2013, pp.167-178. Heidelberg, Germany: Springer-Verlag. June 2013. (PDF)

  • Clarke, P., O'Connor, R.V.: An empirical examination of the extent of software process improvement in software SMEs. Journal of Software: Evolution and Process, Vol. 25(9), September 2013, pp.981-998. DOI: 10.1002/smr.1580. (PDF)

  • 2012
  • Clarke, P., O'Connor, R.V.: A robust approach to examining business success in software development companies. In: Proceedings of the ASQ International Conference on Software Quality. October 2012.

  • Clarke, P., O'Connor, R.V.: The influence of SPI on business success in software SMEs: An empirical study. Journal of Systems and Software, Vol. 85(10), October 2012, pp.2356-2367. (PDF)

  • Clarke, P., O'Connor, R.V.: The situational factors that affect the software development process: Towards a comprehensive reference framework, Information and Software Technology, Vol. 54(5), May 2012, pp.433-447. (PDF)

  • Clarke, P., O'Connor, R.V.: Business success in software SMEs: Recommendations for future SPI studies, In: proceedings of the 19th European Conference on Systems, Software and Services Process Improvement (EuroSPI 2012). CCIS 301/2012, pp.1-12. Heidelberg, Germany: Springer-Verlag. June 2012. (PDF)

  • Yilmaz, M., O'Connor, R., Clarke, P.: A Systematic Approach to the Comparison of Roles in the Software Development Processes. In: proceedings of the 19th European Conference on Systems, Software and Services Process Improvement (EuroSPI 2012). CCIS 301/2012, pp.1-12. Heidelberg, Germany: Springer-Verlag. June 2012. (PDF)

  • Clarke, P., O'Connor, R.V., Yilmaz, M.: A hierarchy of SPI activities for software SMEs: results from ISO/IEC 12207-based SPI assessments, In: proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Software Process Improvement and Capability dEtermination (SPICE 2012). CCIS 290/2012. pp.62-74. Heidelberg, Germany: Springer-Verlag. May 2012. (PDF)

  • 2011
  • Clarke, P., O'Connor, R.V.: The Meaning of Success for Software SMEs: An Holistic Scorecard Approach, In: Proceedings of the 18th European System and Software Process Improvement and Innovation Conference (EuroSPI 2011), CCIS Vol. 172, pp.72-83. Heidelberg, Germany: Springer-Verlag. June 2011. Received Overall Best Research Paper Award. (PDF)

  • Clarke, P., O'Connor, R.V.: An Approach to Evaluating Software Process Adaptation, In: Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Software Process Improvement and Capability dEtermination (SPICE 2011), CCIS Vol. 155, pp.28-41. Heidelberg, Germany: Springer-Verlag. May 2011. (PDF)

  • 2010
  • Clarke, P., O'Connor, R.V.:  Harnessing ISO/IEC 12207 to Examine the Extent of SPI Activity in an Organisation, In: Proceedings of the 17th European Systems and Software Process Improvement and Innovation (EuroSPI 2010), CCIS Vol. 99, pp.25-36. Heidelberg, Germany: Springer-Verlag. September 2010. (PDF)

  • Clarke, P., O'Connor, R.V.: Towards the identification of the influence of SPI on the successful evolution of software SMEs, In: Proceedings of 18th International Software Quality Management Conference (SQM 2010), pp.29-41. London, U.K.: British Computer Society. March 2010. (PDF)



  • Recent/Upcoming Editorial Contributions
  • Co-Editor IET Software journal, Special Issue on Gamification and Persuasive Games for Software Engineering. Est. publication date: Q1.2018. (Click here to download further information)

  • Co-Editor Software Quality Professional journal Special Issue, Vol 19(2), March 2017. (Link)

  • Co-Editor Computer Standards & Interfaces journal Special Issue on Standards in Software Process Improvement and Capability dEtermination, Vol 54(3), November 2017. (Link)



  • Recent International Standards Contributions
  • Co-Editor ISO TS 33030:2017, Information Technology -- Process Assessment -- An Exemplar Documented Assessment Process. ICS 35.080 Software. (Link)

  • Member of ISO/IEC JTC1/SC7 DevOps & Agile Software Development Study Group, 2016 & 2017.

  • Co-Author IEC/TR 80002-3:2014, Medical device software -- Part 3: Process reference model of medical device software life cycle processes (IEC 62304). ICS 11.040.01. ISBN 978-2-8322-1616-3. (Link)



  • Noteworthy Public Engagements/Communications
  • Keynote Address at 23rd European and Asian Conference on Systems, Software and Services Process Improvement (EuroAsiaSPI 2016), Graz, Austria, 16th September 2016, "SYNTHESIS of Engineering Terminology Across Domains and Norms", Co-delivered with Dr. Gabriele Sauberer. (Link)

  • Invited article in The Irish Timess, "MDevSpice is a one-stop shop for medical-device manufacturers", March 2015. (Link)

  • Invited speaker at Molecular Medicine Ireland / Enterprise Ireland event: Software as a Medical Device: The Regulations and their impact on Your Business, "Medical Device Software Process Assessment", February 2015.

  • Keynote speaker at the 14th International SPICE Conference on Process Improvement and Capability dEtermination in Software, Systems Engineering and Service Management - SPICE 2014, "MDevSPICE - Transforming medical device software development", Vilnius, Lithuania, November 2014, Co-delivered with Dr. Fergal McCaffery.

  • Invited speaker at Enterprise Ireland Innovation Showcase - Big Ideas, "MDevSPICE: The future of medical device software development", Convention Centre Dublin, Ireland, 2nd December 2014. (Link)

  • Invited speaker at Delta Conference on safety critical software development, "Using MDevSPICE for medical device software development", Horsholm, Denmark, September 2014.

  • Invited speaker at the Quality and Functional Safety Management for Automotive software-based Systems (VDA Germany) Conference, "Assessing Medical Device Software Development using internationally recognized best practices", Berlin, Germany, July 2014.

  • Invited speaker at Engineers Ireland event: Medical Device Software - Standards and Regulatory Developments, "Assessing Medical Device Software Development using internationally recognized best practices", February 2014.

  • Invited presentation to the Irish Health Informatics Standards Committee (HISC), "Medical Device Software Development Challenges & Solutions", November 2013.

  • Invited speaker at Enterprise Ireland event: Software Quality for Medical Devices and Healthcare, "Future direction for medical device software development standards", June 2013.

  • Selected to represent Lero, The Irish Software Engineering Research Centre, in the national Thesis In Three innovative research competition, November 2010.

  • Invited speaker at the Lero Practice, Process & Methods talk series in February 2010.