Introduction to AI
- Science (Cognitive Science, Neuroscience, Psychology, Ethology)
- The hardest problem in the history of science
- How does the brain work?
- Engineering (Computer Science, AI, Robotics)
- The hardest problem in the history of engineering
- How can we build an intelligent machine?
- Humans v. children v. animals v. origin of life
- Design v. learning and evolution
- Symbolic AI v. Nonsymbolic AI, symbol-grounding
- Robots v. software-only
- 1 mind v. multiple minds
- 1 programmer v. thousands of programmers
Unsolved problems in science
The problem (or the related set of problems) of
how the brain, intelligence, consciousness and "free will" work
is one of the great unsolved problems of science.
- Philosophy of Mind (and future science, science fiction)
- All the mysterious questions we have thought about for 2500 years
that maybe, just maybe, we are going to finally answer.
- Can machines think?
- Can machines be alive?
- Are machines already alive?
- Are we machines?
- Do we have souls?
- Does free will exist? (determinism)
- Do you exist? (homunculi,
- Can we be immortal? (on earth)
- Can we copy ourselves into new (robot) brains and bodies?
- Can we freeze ourselves now, and wait for that?
- Can we go to the stars? Or will it be a 2nd species?
- Will the 2nd species replace us? Is that bad?
Human-machine hybrids already here
(but does not necessarily
mean that the sci-fi dreams above are coming):
Monkey controls a robotic arm with its brainwaves.
The long-term future
Timescale - If AI is solved, if we understand the brain, if we build intelligent machines,
when will this happen?
- 10-50 years? (Imminent)
- 300 years? (Think of all the changes since
- 1000 years?
Voting Machines Elect One Of Their Own As President